Physical map illustrates the mountains, lowlands, oceans, lakes and rivers and other physical landscape features of Cameroon. Omissions? The second soil group is present mainly in the lower-precipitation northern regions. 2010). Cameroon is situated by the Gulf of Guinea on the west coast of Africa. Nationality: Cameroonian, Ethnic groups: Cameroon Highlanders 30 percent, Equatorial Bantu 20 percent, Kirdi 10 percent, Fulani 10 percent, Northwestern Bantu 8 percent, Eastern Nigritic 7 percent, other African 13 percent, non-African less than 1 percent, Religious information on Cameroon: indigenous beliefs 41 percent, Christian 38 percent, Islam/Muslim faith 21 percent Languages: 24 major African languages, English (official), French (official) Literacy: definition: age 15 and over that can read and write total population: 80 percent male: 85 percent female: 75 percent (2003 estimate.) //--> Rhumsiki volcanic plugs– Far North. Cameroon National Park (est. Its ethnically diverse population is among the most urban in western Africa. //--> Most surface runoff from Cameroon eventually flows westward to the Atlantic Ocean—much of it by circuitous routes and by way of external river systems, such as the Niger and the Congo. The capital is Yaoundé, located in the south-central part of the country. The humid coastal strip is tropical, with a mixture of rainforest and farmland. Calm down. If you have any contributions to make, please do not hesitate to contact us. google_ad_client = "pub-4007302501633717"; google_ad_width = 120; British Cameroons (1916–61) and French Cameroun (1916–60),, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Cameroon, Cameroon - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Cameroon - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Volcanic craters on Mount Cameroon. Cameroon, Mount. Incidence of these soils varies by region. Birth rate: 35.5 births/1,000 population (2003 estimate.) R. Tchitnga (President), University of Dschang, Cameroon B.R. Amcaja. The physical map above illustrates the country of Cameroon, from the low and marshy coastal area in the south to shores of Lake Chad in the extreme north. The country is located in Central and West Africa, known as the hinge of Africa, on the Bight of Bonny, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. The highest peak, at 4,095m (13,434ft) is Mount Cameroon, which lies close to the coast. male: 74 deaths/1,000 live births Life expectancy at birth: total population: 48 years male: 47 years female: 49 years (2003 estimate.) Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It is slightly larger than the nation of Sweden and the state of California; Cameroon is comparable in size to Papua New Guinea. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. To advertise on this site please contact us, Copyright © 2009| All Rights Reserved Fishing for Signs of Evolution in Mysterious Volcanic Lakes Mount Cameroon (13,350 ft; 4,069 m), near the coast, is the highest elevation in the country. Bois d’Ebene Yaoundé. North of the Benue (Bénoué) River, the savanna plain that occupies the country’s centre declines in elevation as it approaches the Lake Chad basin. Government . Cameroon is sometimes called "Africa in miniature" as it features a variety of geographical regions like mountains, desert, savanna, rainforest, and coastal plains. Professor of Geography and Resource Development, University of Ghana, Legon. Cameroon can be divided into northern, central, southern, and western geographic regions. It’s a great destination for people who to view the beautiful topography this country has. The Sanaga River is the longest in the country as it … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Cameroon is located in West Central Africa. It is nearly twice the size of Oregon. Highest Mountains In Cameroon By Gregory Sousa on April 25 2017 in Environment Mount Cameroon is the tallest mountain found in Cameroon. They rely on the input of organic matter to replenish nutrient levels; interruption of this cycle leads to swift depletion and decrease in fertility. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The country’s geography consists of a variety of rain forests, mountains, desert plains, and high plateaus. In 1960 the French portion of Cameroon gained its independence. From north to south, there are contrasting features that can be seen in its relief, drainage pattern, people, towns, regions, climate, natural resources, tourist attractions etc. Physical Features of Cameroon: Cameroon is a country located in West Africa. google_ad_width = 120; In the south the Sanaga, Wouri, Nyong, and Ntem rivers drain into the Atlantic Ocean. Location and Geography. First of all, one of the only physical features is total area, 183, 568 square miles, which compared to the U.S.'s 3, 794, 083 square miles is kind of small. Other central African countries are Angola, Central African … google_ad_width = 120; Weathering by water is not as significant a problem for that soil group as mechanical weathering. This makes it the 53rd largest country in the world and slightly larger than California. The country’s name is derived from Rio dos Camarões (“River of Prawns”)—the name given to the Wouri River estuary by Portuguese explorers of the 15th and 16th centuries. Thatch-covered conical roofs of cylindrical houses in a Matakam compound, Cameroon. The western region extends north and west from the Sanaga River and continues north along the Nigerian border as far as the Benue River. These features have created a degree of isolation and served as a barrier to frequent or large-scale migrations or conquests. English and French are the country’s official languages with French being the language of choice. Though more fertile than their counterparts in the south, these soils are susceptible to nutrient imbalances that can impede productivity. Yaounde. It consists of coastal plains that are about 25 miles (40 km) wide and a densely forested plateau with an average elevation of a little more than 2,000 feet (600 metres). google_ad_height = 600; The third soil group is a general gathering of a number of young soils, including andosols, which are developed from volcanic ash and other matter, and the dark, clay-laden vertisols. Government Cameroon Republic of Cameroon, Government type: Unitary republic; multiparty presidential regime Capital city: Yaounde, Independence: 1 January 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship) National holiday: Republic Day (National Day), 20 May (1972) Constitution: 20 May 1972 approved by referendum; 2 June 1972 formally adopted; revised January 1996 Legal system: based on French civil law system, with common law influence; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, Executive branch: Head of State: President Head of government: Prime Minister cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from proposals submitted by the prime minister, Legislative branch: Unicameral National Assembly, Visit this link for more information : French speaking countries, Cameroon has over six ecological zones which reflect the climatic and physical milieu. cathedrale de la paix, North 10, Yaunde, Camerun. The land rises progressively to the north and includes the Adamawa Plateau, with elevations between 2,450 and 4,450 feet (750 and 1,350 metres). Cameroon, country lying at the junction of western and central Africa. Korup National Park: Recognized as Africa’s oldest and most diverse rain forest, Korup National Park is located in the Southwest province of Cameroon at the base of Mount Cameroon. A lower iron content dictates the soils’ colouring, which ranges from gray to brown. From the quiz author Geography of Cameroon: Physical map ight of Biafra, Biafra, Lake Chad, Cameroon, Valley of Rhumsiki, Mount Cameroon, Lake Mbakaou, Lake Lagdo, Gulf of Guinea., Chari River, Sanaga River,Mandara Mountains, Ekom Nkam Falls, Adamawa Plateau, Longone River,Dja River, Oku Volcanic field,with,Lake Nyos /* 120x600, created 11/6/09 */ Cameroon is a country that is located in Central Africa and sits along the Gulf of Guinea. Cameroon physical features Cameroon is located in Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria. She’s 19-years-old, a university student, and she knows one thing for sure: She doesn’t want to date a Cameroon man. Cameroon is an African country covering 475,440.00 km2 of which 0.57% is water and 472,710.00 km2 is land. This page will constantly be updated. Nigeria lies to the west, Chad and the Central African Republic to the east, and the People's Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon to … Camarões was also used to designate the river’s neighbouring mountains. From north to south, there are contrasting features that can be seen in its relief, drainagepattern, people, towns, regions, climate, natural resources, tourist attractionsetc. Cameroon is a central African country. Authors Mphoweh jude Nzembayie and Futonge Nzemabyie Kisito, Copyright © 2009| All Rights Reserved, Also Click on this link to other articles about environment related issues>>. With good depth, high permeability, and stable structure, these soils are less prone to erosion. The first soil group, developed primarily in the higher-precipitation south and south-centre, is composed of soils with strong physical makeup but weaker chemical properties. google_ad_slot = "5694055520"; Differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color. This is a … Nana Nbendjo (General Secretary), University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon S. Zekeng (Treasurer, Head of the section Physics of Materials), University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon P. Louodop (Substitute Head, section Physics for development), University of Dschang,; P. Woafo (Head, section Physics and applications of Transducers and … /* 120x600, created 2/2/09 */ Also Click on this link to other articles about environment related issues>>, Other related links: The economy | Culture | politics |. Mountainous area with amazing volcanic plugs – giant rock needles. The Gotel Mountains of the Adamawa Plateau trend from south to north, culminating in the Mandara Mountains of the northwest. Practically all rivers i… Cameroon, Mount. Cameroon, Mount kăm´əro͞on , active volcano, 13,354 ft (4,070 m) high, in the Cameroon Highlands, W Cameroon; highest point in W Africa. google_ad_client = "pub-4007302501633717"; window.google_render_ad(); Cameroon lies between latitudes 1° and 13°N, and longitudes 8° and 17°E. | | videos| Site Map | Policy | Contact us |. Cameroon is home to a great diversity of cultures and animal wildlife, as well as amazing geographical features. The rivers of Cameroon form four large drainage systems. Its area is 179,527 square miles (465,000 square kilometers). The southern region extends from the Sanaga River to the southern border and from the coast eastward to the Central African Republic and the Republic of the Congo. google_ad_client = "pub-5013876326565706"; Cameroon, has an average annual rainfall of 405 inches (10,287 mm). Death rate: 15.5 deaths/1,000 population (2003 estimate.) google_ad_slot = "3368275294"; The soils of Cameroon may be roughly divided into three groups. Net migration rate: 0 migrant /1,000 population (2003 estimate.) A few years later a portion of British Cameroon joined Nigeria and the rest joined with the Federal Republic of Cameroon. Its geographic coordinates are 6 00 N, 12 00 E and Yaounde is the capital city. At 475,442 square kilometres (183,569 sq mi), Cameroon is the world's 53rd-largest country. Teacher Ohips Categories Academics, Grammar, Secondary Education, Upper-sixth Grammar, Upper-sixth Science Review (1 review) Curriculum Curriculum CoursesAcademicsSecondary EducationGrammarUpper-sixth GrammarUpper-sixth ScienceAdvanced Level Cameroon Geography Physical Features Cameroon Geography Physical Features 12 Lecture1.1 Introduction to Cameroon geography … The relief is mostly mountainous, the result of a volcanic rift that extends northward from the island of Bioko. Cameroon Cameroon, in West Africa, is a mixture of desert plains in the north, mountains in the central regions, and tropical rain forests in the south. Near the coast, the active volcanic Mount Cameroon rises to the highest elevation in western Africa—13,435 feet (4,095 metres). The climate is exceedingly hot and humid, the coastal belt includes some of the wettest places on earth. Cameroon is sometimes described as "Africa in miniature" because it exhibits all the major climates and vegetation of the continent: mountains, desert, rain forest, savanna grassland, and ocean coastland. google_ad_height = 600; By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Cameroon can be described as "Africa in miniature" because it exhibits all the major geographic features of the continent: mountains, desert, rain forest, savannah grassland, and ocean coastland. Resources for top A1 candidates taking the 2020 Singapore-Cambridge GCE O Level exam. For example, Debundscha , at the base of Mt.